Psoriasis/ Psoriatic Arthritis

WHAT IS PSORIASIS?

Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis in which the skin develops red patches with silvery scales. Not everyone who has psoriasis will develop psoriatic arthritis, even though the conditions may seem interrelated and interdependent. While psoriasis causes patches of red or white scaly skin called plaques, psoriatic arthritis is a condition in which joint swelling and pain can lead to permanent damage. Your immune system is usually responsible for both conditions.

HOW DO YOU GET PSORIASIS?

While experts do not know what exactly causes psoriasis, we do know that the immune system and genetics play major roles in its development. Usually, something triggers psoriasis to flare. The skin cells in people with psoriasis grow at an abnormally fast rate, which causes the buildup of psoriasis lesions. Psoriasis often develops between the ages of 15 and 35, but it can develop at any age. Psoriasis is not contagious and it is not something you can “catch” or that others can catch from you.

HOW IS PSORIASIS DIAGNOSED?

There are no special blood tests or tools to diagnose psoriasis. Most commonly, a diagnosis of psoriasis can be made after a full medical history and physical exam is performed by our dermatology certified provider. Sometimes, a small sample of skin (biopsy) is taken and sent for examination under a microscope by a board-certified Dermatopathologist to determine the exact type of psoriasis and to rule out other disorders.

WILL YOU DEVELOP PSORIATIC ARTHRITIS?

Roughly 11% of patients with psoriasis have also been diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. However, approximately 30% of people with psoriasis will eventually develop psoriatic arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis often may go undiagnosed, particularly in its milder forms. However, it’s important to treat psoriatic arthritis early on to help avoid permanent joint damage. If you need a specialist to manage your psoriatic arthritis, our staff can help refer you to a psoriatic arthritis specialist.

HOW IS YOUR PSORIASIS TREATED?

No complete cure exists for this condition, hence, treatment focuses on controlling inflammation to prevent joint pain and disability.

A number of drugs, known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) relieve pain and reduce inflammation, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) slow the process of psoriatic arthritis and save the joints and other tissues from permanent damage. Steroid injections into an affected joint reduce inflammation quickly.

Joint replacement surgery may be suggested in chronic psoriatic arthritis. Early diagnosis and treatment is recommended, which is the practice of Dr. Khilji Faisal Arif.

Topical psoriasis treatments include:

Topical Corticosteroids

Vitamin D Analogues

Topical Retinoids

Calcineurin Inhibitors

Salicylic Acid

Moisturizers

Oral and injectable medications include:

Retinoids

Methotrexate

Biologics such as:

Adalimumab (Humira)

Apremilast (Otezla)

Secukinumab (Cosentyx)

Ustekinumab (Stelara)

WHAT IS PSORIASIS?

Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis in which the skin develops red patches with silvery scales. Not everyone who has psoriasis will develop psoriatic arthritis, even though the conditions may seem interrelated and interdependent. While psoriasis causes patches of red or white scaly skin called plaques, psoriatic arthritis is a condition in which joint swelling and pain can lead to permanent damage. Your immune system is usually responsible for both conditions.

Symptoms:

  • Joint pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swollen fingers and toes
  • Foot pain
  • Lower back pain

Treatment:

No complete cure exists for this condition, hence, treatment focuses on controlling inflammation to prevent joint pain and disability.

A number of drugs, known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) relieve pain and reduce inflammation, and disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) slow the process of psoriatic arthritis and save the joints and other tissues from permanent damage. Steroid injections into an affected joint reduce inflammation quickly.

Joint replacement surgery may be suggested in chronic psoriatic arthritis. Early diagnosis and treatment is recommended, which is the practice of Dr. Khilji Faisal Arif.