Itchy Skin/ Skin Infections

Itchy skin, also known as ‘Pruritus’ is an irritating urge to scratch, which is usually worsened by dry skin. It more commonly occurs in adults as skin tends to dry up with age.

Symptoms:

  • Dry skin
  • Leathery or scaly skin
  • Redness on skin
  • Bumps, blisters and scars

Treatment:

Creams and ointments; after application of a medicated cream or ointment, it is usually suggested to cover treated skin with damp cotton to help moisturize the skin. Other treatments to apply on the skin include calcineurin inhibitors. Antidepressants help in case of some types of chronic itch, which include oral medicines like Prozac and Zoloft. For chronic itching, multiple light phototherapy sessions, which is exposure to the sun controls the itching.

Skin infections are caused by factors such as bacterial, viral or fungal. When the surface layer of skin, also known as epidermis gets injured, the chances of bacteria attacking skin increases causing these infections.

Symptoms:

  • Sores that resemble blisters
  • Fever
  • A wound that hasn’t healed since a week
  • Swelling that is worsening
  • Red inflammation around the injury
  • Pus leaking from a cut

Treatment:

For bacterial infection, antibiotics may be prescribed, while for viral infections, anti-virals are usually recommended. Topical antibiotics are applied directly on the skin. If the infection still persists after the usage of medicines and antibiotics, intravenous may have to be used for bacteria resistant to treatment.